B class Atlantic lifeboat
There are two types of B class lifeboat – the Atlantic 75 and the Atlantic 85 – named after Atlantic College in Wales where these rigid inflatable lifeboats (RIBs) were first developed. 75 and 85 represent the lengths of the lifeboats – nearly 7.5m and 8.5m respectively.
Introduced into the fleet in 2005, the Atlantic 85 is the third generation of B class lifeboat and is gradually replacing the Atlantic 75.
The Atlantic 75 lifeboat joined the fleet in 1993, replacing the very first B class rigid inflatable lifeboat – the Atlantic 21 – which served from 1972 until 2008.
The Atlantic 85 lifeboat is a very capable lifeboat to work with. Whether you’re heading to the scene of an incident, conducting a careful search or carrying out the actual rescue, she’s got all the power and kit you could want.David RileyHelm, Poole RNLI
When it comes to racing to the scene, our B class Atlantic 85 lifeboat is one of the fastest in the fleet; her top speed is 35 knots powered by two 115hp 4-stroke engines.
Although she’s an inshore lifeboat, designed to operate in shallower water, the B class can handle fairly challenging open sea conditions too – force 7 near gale winds in daylight and force 6 at night.
The B class lifeboat is ideal for rescues close to shore, near cliffs and rocks and even inside caves – areas inaccessible to our all-weather lifeboats.
The Atlantic 85 is also capable of being beached in an emergency without sustaining damage to her engines.
Most B class lifeboats are launched into the sea from a carriage, with the help of a launch and recovery vehicle such as a tractor. They can also be lowered into the sea using a davit system (a shore-mounted crane) and some are kept in floating boathouses.
With no wheelhouse on the B class lifeboat, the crew are exposed to the elements at all times and rely on their protective kit to keep them safe and warm.
Many rescues take place at night and can involve being close to dangerous cliffs and manmade structures, or searching caves and crevices.
In addition to night vision equipment, the B class lifeboat carries a searchlight and parachute illuminating flares to light up the surrounding area, helping to keep crew members safe as well as locate those in need of help.
The Atlantic 85 has room for more kit and four crew members compared to three on the Atlantic 75, but both have space for a high number of survivors.
The medical equipment stowed aboard includes oxygen and full resuscitation kit, responder bag and multi-purpose ambulance pouch. The Atlantic 85 also carries a stretcher - the Atlantic 75 can carry one if needed.
The B class has a manually operated righting mechanism in the event of a capsize which involves inflating a bag on top of the roll bar.
Her engines are inversion-proofed so that they shut down should she capsize and can be restarted after she has been righted.
Efficiency and effectiveness
The introduction of the first B class rigid inflatable lifeboat (RIB) – the Atlantic 21 – into the RNLI fleet back in 1972 revolutionised lifesaving at sea.
The speed, manoeuvrability, agility and versatility of these RIBs dramatically improved the efficiency and effectiveness of our search and rescue service considerably. And all three generations of our B class lifeboats have helped us to save thousands of lives at sea.
Our B class lifeboats are built and maintained at our Inshore Lifeboat Centre at East Cowes on the Isle of Wight. The last Atlantic 75 to be built was the Miss Sally Anne (Baggy) B-796 in 2003 and she has been stationed at Kinsale since then.
Year introduced to the RNLI fleet:
Atlantic 75 – 1993
Atlantic 85 – 2005
Last Atlantic 75 built:
Carriage, davit or floating boathouse
Atlantic 75 – 3
Atlantic 85 – 3-4
Atlantic 75 – 32 knots
Atlantic 85 – 35 knots
Range / endurance:
Atlantic 75 – 2.5 hours maximum
Atlantic 85 – 3 hours maximum
Atlantic 75 – 7.383m
Atlantic 85 – 8.44 m
Beam / width:
Atlantic 75 – 2.65m
Atlantic 85 – 2.85m
Draught / depth:
Atlantic 75 – 0.41m
Atlantic 85 – 0.53m
Displacement / weight:
Atlantic 75 – 1.6 tonnes
Atlantic 85 – 1.8 tonnes
Atlantic 75 – 182 litres
Atlantic 85 – 210 litres
Atlantic 75 – 2 x Yamaha engines at 75hp each
Atlantic 85 – 2 x Yamaha 4-stroke engines at 115hp each
Hull: polyester glass-reinforced fibre, with marine plywood stiffening.
Inflatable collar: hypalon-coated nylon.
Hull: carbon fibre and foam core laminate.
Structure: includes epoxy glass and foam sandwich layup.
Inflatable collar: hypalon-coated nylon.
Number in fleet:
Atlantic 75 – 24 at stations and 17 in the relief fleet
Atlantic 85 – currently 75 at stations and 20 in the relief fleet
All lifeboats have a unique identification number.
The first part indicates the class so B class lifeboats start with B.
The numbers after the dash refer to the build number. So the first B class Atlantic 85 was given the number B-801.
Communications and navigation
- fitted and hand-held VHF (very high frequency) radio
- intercom (Atlantic 85 only)
- onboard global positioning system (GPS)
- radar (Atlantic 85 only)
- VHF direction-finding (VDF) equipment (Atlantic 85 only)
- electronic chart.
To date, 24 lifeboat stations have a B class Atlantic 75 inshore lifeboat:
Great Yarmouth and Gorleston
Staithes and Runswick
And 75 lifeboat stations have a B class Atlantic 85 inshore lifeboat:
Kyle of Lochalsh
Macduff was the first station to receive a B class Atlantic 85 lifeboat called Lydia Macdonald B-804 in 2006.
There are also 17 B class Atlantic 75 lifeboats and 20 B class Atlantic 85 lifeboats in our relief fleet.
Watch our B class lifeboat in action
Systems and information Management system
Righting and restarting
Navigation and communication