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Respect the Water: 2018’s UK coastal deaths figures show 90% are male

Lifeboats News Release

Annual coastal fatality figures released today by the RNLI lifesaving charity reveal that, of the 128 people who lost their lives at the UK coast in 2018, ninety per cent were male.

Although coastal deaths were higher last year compared to the 2017 figure (109), 2018 is the second consecutive year to show a lower than average figure*.

The data also shows over half (55%) of those who died at the coast in 2018 ended up in the water unexpectedly – a figure that has remained consistent in recent years.

As the RNLI’s national drowning prevention campaign Respect the Water launches for 2019, The RNLI is urging the public to take action and follow this potentially lifesaving advice if they find themselves in trouble in cold water:

· Fight your instinct to swim hard or thrash about – this can lead to breathing in water and drowning

· Instead, relax and FLOAT on your back, until you have regained control of your breathing

Steve Instance, RNLI Community Safety Partner and St Agnes shore crew member says: ‘No one should have to lose someone they love to drowning. Many of the tragic deaths at the coast can be avoided if people understand the risks and prepare themselves by practising the Float technique. It’s encouraging for us at the charity to see the number of coastal fatalities fall below average for the second year running, and we’re hopeful our education work is contributing to this downward trend. We’ve been contacted by people who say they recalled the Float safety message while in serious trouble in the water, and that following the RNLI’s advice helped save their life. But we can’t get complacent, we all have a role in getting behind coastal safety education, investing in initiatives and sharing survival skills to help save lives from drowning.’

Ruth Osborne from Newquay was a keen amateur surfer. When out surfing in Perranporth her surfboard leash snapped, leaving her in the water beginning to panic: ‘Wave after wave came. You get tumbled up like a washing machine. I was now out of my depth and drifting out of sight. I thought “that’s it, that’s me gone. I can’t deal with this anymore”. Just a few days earlier I’d been speaking to an RNLI lifeguard, who told me what to do if I was in trouble in the water. I remembered his advice to relax and float, rather than try and swim. I just trusted that laying back would allow me to keep my head out of the water. I was able to conserve my energy and catch my breath. I was eventually pushed back to shore. The advice helped me stay alive.’

Steve continues: ‘A worrying trend shows men make up most of the fatalities at the coast every year; last year 115 males lost their lives. Many of them did not plan on entering the water, with slips, trips and falls catching them unaware while out running or walking. Knowing what to do if you fall into cold water can be the difference between life and death.

‘The instinctive human reaction when you fall into cold water can cause panic and gasping for breath, increasing the chances of breathing in water. Although it’s counter intuitive, the best immediate course of action is to fight your instinct and float on your back.’

Nathan Slack from Cambridgeshire took a trip to the Dorset coast last summer. While out swimming he found himself in danger after being pulled out to sea by a strong current: ‘I tried to swim and paddle back to shore but nothing was happening. I started to panic. That’s when I remembered the RNLI’s advert I’d heard on the radio, which told me to float instead of trying to fight the water. I just lay back and started floating and kicking my legs. Eventually, after about 20 minutes, I managed to get back to the safety of the beach. The advice saved my life. I hope sharing my story can help others who might find themselves in a similar situation.’

For more advice on how to float visit On social media search #FloatToLive #RespectTheWater.

For those planning to go into the water, the best way to enjoy it safely is to choose a lifeguarded beach and swim between the red and yellow flags – the area most closely monitored by the lifeguards. And if you see someone else in danger in the water at the coast, fight your instinct to go in and try to rescue them yourself, instead call 999 or 112 and ask for the Coastguard.’

The Respect the Water campaign will run throughout the summer with advertising across cinema, outdoor posters, radio, online, and catch-up TV channels.

1 Records from the National Water Safety Forum’s Water Incident Database (WAID). RNLI has analysed the data using GIS software to plot and analyse incidents before inclusion in a specific coastal dataset (accident and natural causes only).

* (Based on a 3-year rolling average of the above data from 2016-2018)

Notes to Editors

· The increase in fatalities in 2018 compared to the previous year could be linked to the hottest summer on record, which saw a surge in coastal visitors and the participation of watersports. We are encouraged to see a downward trend in coastal fatalities.

· In 2018, walking and running accounted for 34% (43) of the deaths; swimming 12% (15); and scuba diving 12% (13).

· The fatality figures quoted are for water-related fatalities from accidents and natural causes in UK tidal waters. The figures for 2014–2018 are: 153, 180, 156,109 and 128.

· Photographs and video interviews of Ruth Osborne and Nathan Slack can be downloaded from the RNLI News Centre on Thursday 30 May, or requested in advance.

Media contacts

For more information, or for interview requests, contact Lucy Parker, RNLI Public Relations Manager, on 01202 336508 / [email protected] or the RNLI Press Office on 01202 336789 / [email protected]

RNLI/Nathan Williams

Float to Live sand art at Perranporth Beach created by Chris Spackman

RNLI/Nathan Williams

Float to Live sand art at Perranporth Beach created by Chris Spackman

RNLI/Nathan Williams

Ruth Osborne who remembered the Float to Live advice

RNLI/Nathan Williams

Nathan Slack, heard the RNLI advert on the radio - the advice saved his life

Chris Spackman

Float to Live sand art on Perranporth Beach

Key facts about the RNLI

The RNLI charity saves lives at sea. Its volunteers provide a 24-hour search and rescue service around the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland coasts. The RNLI operates 238 lifeboat stations in the UK and Ireland and more than 240 lifeguard units on beaches around the UK and Channel Islands. The RNLI is independent of Coastguard and government and depends on voluntary donations and legacies to maintain its rescue service. Since the RNLI was founded in 1824, its lifeboat crews and lifeguards have saved over 142,700 lives.

Learn more about the RNLI

For more information please visit the RNLI website or Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. News releases, videos and photos are available on the News Centre.

Contacting the RNLI - public enquiries

Members of the public may contact the RNLI on 0300 300 9990 (UK) or 1800 991802 (Ireland) or by email.