If you found yourself struggling in the water unexpectedly, your instinct would tell you to swim hard. But cold water shock could make you gasp uncontrollably. Then you could breathe in water and drown. Instead, you should Float to Live.

How to float

5 steps to know how to float

  1. 1

    If you're struggling in the water

    fight your instinct to thrash around

  2. 2

    Lean back

    extend your arms and legs

  3. 3

    Gently move them around

    to help you float if you need to

  4. 4

    Float

    until you can control your breathing

  5. 5

    Only then, call 112 or 999 for help

    or swim to safety

Test your knowledge

If you're struggling in the water you should:

Man floating in the sea lying on his back

Well done!

If you're struggling in the water you should Float to Live. Fight the urge to thrash around. Lean back and extend your arms and legs. You can move them around to help you to float. Float until you can control your breathing. Only then, call 999 or 112 for help or swim to safety.

Man floating in the sea lying on his back

That's not quite right

If you're struggling in the water you should Float to Live. Fight the urge to thrash around. Lean back and extend your arms and legs. You can move them around to help you to float. Float until you can control your breathing. Only then, call 999 or 112 for help or swim to safety.

Man floating in the sea lying on his back
A man is in the water, gasping for air.

What is cold water shock?

When in cold water (anything below 15°C), your body can go into cold water shock. If this happens, you will lose control of your breathing and movement and you could drown. Cold water shock also causes your heart rate and blood pressure to increase, which can lead to cardiac arrest.

The average sea temperature around the UK and Ireland is just 12°C. Inland waters like lakes, rivers, lochs and reservoirs can be colder - even in the summer.

Remember, if you find yourself in difficulty in the water, Float to Live.

Rip current

What are rip currents?

Rip currents are powerful currents that run out to sea. They can quickly drag you away from the shore and into deep water.

They can be difficult to spot, and it’s easy to get caught out by them. The best way to avoid rip currents is to choose a lifeguarded beach and always swim between the red and yellow flags.

A group of people in smart clothing and RNLI crew kit are stood in front of a lifeboat, smiling.

Conrad Jones

GAA and the RNLI

The RNLI and the GAA (Gaelic Athletic Association) are working together to promote water safety. By sharing vital water safety advice at sports clubs and matches and on social media, we hope to save more lives.

'The water safety partnership between the GAA and the RNLI is such an important one for our island.  So many of our communities are coastal or based near rivers and lakes and so many of our people take their leisure there or make their living from it.  Anything we can do to promote water safety and give people the tools to stay safe on or near the water or help someone in trouble, is a worthwhile and ultimately life-saving act.'

Larry McCarthy - GAA President

Evan Chrisp, a teenage boy who floated to live, is stood on the beach.
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